G.A.F. CANBERRA MK 20 A84-225

 

 


05JUL55
 

Both CAC built Rolls Royce RA.3 Avon Mk. 1 engines [serial numbers CAC-26, CAC-27] fitted at Government Aircraft Factories, Avalon. A84-225 was the first Canberra off the line to incorporate the following mods.

C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
C.
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46
74
199
202
208
217
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227
238
240
  fuselage rear access door closing damper
introduction of IFF fixed fittings

improved locking on aileron hinge pins
introduction of hydraulic gauge to indicate main system pressure
modification to bomb crutch block
introduction of coiled metal pipes in air brake  hydraulic system
rework of main undercarriage jacks
increased pulley diameter on brake operating cable
fitment of adjustable balance weights on elevator tab
introduction of protective cover on emergency accumulator

Basic Weight ‑ 21,945 lb.

First pilot pre‑flight by Bill Scott [GAF Test Pilot] noted problems with engines, brakes and undercarriage.

07OCT55
Scheduled first flight by Flg Off Doug Cameron and Ted Barden [GAF Test Observer] abandoned because of fuel leaks and oxygen warning light.
11OCT55
Further attempt at first flight by Bill Scott, Doug Cameron and Ted Barden abandoned because prone position oxygen inoperative
11OCT55
First flight [2 hr 35 min], by Bill Scott, Doug Cameron and Ted Barden noted following problems: engine RPM out of adjustment, brake difficulties, flaps operated too fast and with asymmetric retraction which caused a/c to roll to left, No 3 fuel tank gauge fluctuated, VHF radio was too weak, ADF was too noisy and the HF was intermittent plus other lesser problems.
04NOV55
Test Flight No 2 [1 hr 35 min] by Bill Scott and Ted Barden. Tip tanks fitted for this flight. Engine acceleration times too slow and bleed valves closing at too high an RPM. Brakes still troublesome and hydraulic fluctuations were evident in main system.
11NOV55
Test Flight No 3 crewed by Bill Scott and Ted Barden [2 hr 35 min]. Engine bleed valves still troublesome and assymetric flap retraction problem returned but this time the aircraft rolled right during the retraction phase.
29NOV55
Test Flight No 4 [1 hr 30 min] by Flg Off Doug Cameron, Ted Barden and Rex Whalley [GAF Flight Test Observer]. Engine problems had not been solved and some of the radio problems resurfaced.
09DEC55
All aircraft grounded as a precaution as a result of finding faulty alloy material in use for mainplane construction.
10APR56
Test Flight No 5 [2 hr 5 min] by Flg Off Doug Cameron and Rex Whalley but the engine problems still persisted. The delay with test flight number 5 was a programme of modification incorporation.
23APR56
Test Flight No 6 - Cameron and Whalley [2 hr 10 min] electrical problems.
27APR56
Test Flight No 7 - Cameron, Whalley and Barden [2 hr 25 min] electrical problems.
04MAY56
Test Flight No 8 - Scott, Whalley and Barden [2 hr 15 min]
04MAY56
Test Flight No 9 - Scott, Whalley and Barden [1 hr 15 min]
05MAY56
RAAF acceptance flight by Flg Off C. M. "Avro" Anson and W Off P.J. McDonald. Handed over to 1 Aircraft Depot at Laverton after  pre-service mods.
09MAY56
Ferried to No. 82 Wing Amberley.
12MAY56
Departed for Washington U.S.A. on a goodwill visit with four other RAAF Canberras led by Gp. Capt. Douglas [Operation Bala Lagin]. Canberras were escorted by a USAF C-124 Globemaster 51-127. 225 was flown by Flt Lt R.H. [Bruce] Martin and Flg Off R.S. [Bob] Black except the Guam/Hickam leg which was flown by reserve crew of Flg Off J.A. Jacobs and FSgt T.D. Wright.
07JUN56
Returned from Operation Bala Lagin.
16JUL56
Until 18JUL56 Deployed to RAAF Williamtown for weapons demo to School of Land Air Warfare [SLAW] Crew: Flg Off J.A. Jacobs/ FSgt P.B. Kerr.
26JUL56
To RAAF Pearce for Air Defence Exercise crewed by CO of 2 Sqn, Wg Cdr A.E. Cross and Flt Lt M.M. Alexander
01AUG56
On return flight established a record time Perth/Brisbane of 3 hours 20 minutes 5 seconds.
12AUG56
Until 14AUG56 Participated in 2 Sqn "Operation Round Australia". The entire squadron of 7 aircraft flew Amberley to Darwin on 12AUG [5 aircraft went via Townsville, 2 aircraft incl. 225 went direct to Darwin]. Darwin to Pearce on 13AUG. Pearce to East   Sale and Amberley on 14AUG. 225 crewed by Capt R.P. Braner [USAF] and Sqn Ldr J.S. Latham. Capt Braner was a USAF exchange officer with 482[M] Sqn. Sqn Ldr Latham was on staff of 82 Wing HQ.
23OCT56
Operation "Spot On", the annual 82 Wing Bombing Competition between Nos 2 & 6 Sqns commenced. A84-225 crewed by Flg Off Russ Anderson and Flt Lt Pete Fletcher [RAF] helped to retain the Bladin Trophy for No 2 Sqn.
14DEC56
Departed Amberley along with two other 2 Sqn Canberras for the Armed Forces Day display in Manila. 225 was crewed by Wg Cdr A.E. Cross [CO 2Sqn], Flt Lt M.M. Alexander and Sgt Latham.
19DEC56
Returned to Amberley.
08JUL57
Until 12JUL57 participated in the first 2 Sqn mobility exercise with a deployment to Pearce. Usual procedure was to nominate a time limit for becoming airborne after receipt of order. Initially 225 went u/s but the crew, Sqn Ldr H.W. Connolly DFC and Bar, DFC [US] and Flt Lt N. Rodgers managed to get airborne with only minutes to spare before the 12 noon deadline.
07AUG57
Operation "Oxcart". Seven 2 Sqn and five 6 Sqn Canberras provided 16 sorties in simulated attacks on Sydney to test the radar and fighter defences. Primary target was the Sydney Harbour Bridge. A84-225 flown by Sqn Ldr H.W. Connolly [his last flight for 2 Sqn before proceeding on posting] and Flg Off Gillard was credited  with being the only 2 Sqn aircraft to penetrate the defences without being intercepted.
15SEP57
Performed solo air display during Air Force Week at RAAF Fairbairn. Crew: Flg Off J.A. Jacobs/Plt Off T.A. Morten.
21FEB58
Ferried to GAF Avalon for modification C.280 [associated with trials of Avon Mk 101].
14JUL58
Ferried to No. 1 Aircraft Depot, Laverton, for issue to ARDU.
10JUL59
Fitted with two CAC built Avon RA.22 Mk.101-VH engines [serial numbers RR387, RR741] for tests.
06JAN60
Returned to No. 82 Wing, Amberley from ARDU Laverton.
23MAY60
Allotted to No. 3 Aircraft Depot for "E" service.
12JUL60
Re-allotted to No. 82 Wing on completion of "E" service.
21OCT60
Repainted with the new RAAF kangaroo roundel which was formally adopted on 2 July 1956.
31JAN61
Port undercarriage flipper door damaged.
01FEB61
Ferried to Avalon via Canberra with undercarriage down. The flight lasted for 4 hours. At Avalon the damaged flipper door was repaired and other modifications  incorporated. Also the Avon Mk.101 were replaced by Avon Mk.1 engines.
01NOV61
First of seven test flights.
12DEC61
Ferried from GAF Avalon to Amberley [1 hr 50 min] by Sqn Ldr H.W.C. (Herb) Thwaites and Flt Lt C. (Col) Clare and handed over to 1(B)OCU.
05JUN62
Flown to Avalon for further mods.
26JUN62
Returned to Amberley.
22OCT62
1(B)OCU was operating out of RAAF Garbutt, Townsville with No 11 Canberra Conversion Course because of works on the main runway at Amberley. A84-225 was included in the deployment.
08NOV62
Returned to Amberley after Garbutt deployment.
02JUL63
As part of No 13 Canberra Conversion Course, 225 was flown to Darwin by Flg Off J. (Jack) Tolj and Plt Off P.M. (Peter) Grindon-Ekins.
03JUL63
Flown from Darwin to Pearce.
04JUL63
Returned to Amberley.
14NOV63
Port engine changed after starter disintegrated during start. More information
21AUG64
Ferried to RAAF Fairbairn by Flt Lt C.T. (Trevor) Kilian and Flt Lt T.B. (Bruce) Hunt and handed over to the Chief of the Air Staff, Air Marshal Hancock who, with Flt Lt Hunt flew 225 to RAAF Edinburgh where they remained overnight.
22AUG64
Returned to Canberra where, with Flt Lt Hunt, flew local training flights on 22/23 AUG.
24AUG64
Flt Lt Kilian and Flt Lt Hunt flew 225 to Williamtown to act as target aircraft for Mirage radar trials.
25AUG64
Featured as static display at the Air Support Unit, RAAF Williamtown and departed for Amberley late in the afternoon.
02SEP64
Flown to Ohakea, N.Z. by Flt Lt Kilian and Flt Lt Hunt as part of a "Lone Ranger" exercise.
07SEP64
Returned to Amberley.
11SEP64
Flown to RAAF Pearce by Flt Lt Kilian and Flt Lt C. (Clem) Whitely to participate in Air Force Week Air Display on 13SEP. 225 provided a solo handling display and also participated in an "air race". "Australian Air Log" records that 225 was carrying No 1 Sqn gold fin flash.
14SEP64
Returned to Amberley.
20SEP64
Flt Lt Kilian and Flt Lt Whitely provided a solo handling display at RAAF Richmond's Open Day Air Force Week Display.
05NOV64
While taking part in a pairs take-off, A84-225 swung violently to starboard after brakes release. Problem was caused by failure of the governor pump driving shaft which prevented the starboard engine inlet guide vanes from opening and thus developing power. Pilot was Flt Lt D. (Dave) Middleton, a member of No 17 Canberra Conversion Course.
06NOV64
Painted in camouflage by 3AD Amberley.
18NOV64
Received at 3AD for E service.
12MAY65
Received at 82 Wing ex 3AD.
JUL65
Noted in Port Moresby on exercise [Short Finish?].
11AUG65
Received at ARW, Parafield for corrosion checks, repairs and mods.
29SEP65
Returned to 82 Wing, Amberley.
29APR68
Received at No 1 (B) OCU, Amberley.
08MAY68
Received at ARW, Parafield for incorporation of Mod 690.
24JUL68
Despatched to No 1 (B) OCU, Amberley.
21AUG69
Allotted to 3AD for E service.
27JAN70
Allotted to No 1 (B) OCU. Fitted with target towing equipment.
28MAY70
Fitted with smoke trail equipment.
22JUL70
Deployed to Butterworth Malaysia under the command of Pilot Officer R.J. Wood. During one target towing sortie from Butterworth the Canberra was under the command of Peter Rhodes (later to become a B747 Captain with Air New Zealand). When it was found impossible to recover the sleeve target, Rhodes flew low over the sea so that the sleeve would drag in the water and break the shear link in the cable at its attachment to the aircraft. As expected, the pilot felt a tug and assumed that the sleeve and cable had separated. It transpired that the exercise had merely pulled the sleeve off the end of the cable and 225 landed back at Butterworth with several hundred feet of cable in trail!
31JUL70
Visited Changi, Singapore.
11SEP70
Returned to Australia via Tengah under the command of Plt. Off. Wood.
12SEP70
Arrived at Amberley.
25SEP70
Flown to Ohakea N.Z. by Flg. Off. Bob Howard (flight time 4hrs. 25mins.)
28SEP70
Returned to Amberley (flight time 3hrs. 50mins.).
12OCT70
Aircraft was holed above the starboard bomb door.
13OCT70
Repairs were completed.
19NOV70
Last flight for A84-225 3hrs. 10mins.
17DEC70
During routine ultrasonic inspection of the wing spar a suspect crack was found in the port centre section spar and A84-225 was removed from flying duty having completed 3395 hours 15 minutes flying with 636 landings.
19JAN71
Allotted from No. 1 Bomber Operational Conversion  Unit to No. 3 Aircraft Depot at Amberley.
29JAN71
Engines were run for the last time and target towing equipment was removed.
04FEB71
Engines were inhibited.
19NOV71
Aircraft allotted to Dept. of Supply for disposal.
21NOV73
Sold to the Queensland Branch of the Aviation Historical Society of Australia.
13FEB74
Moved by road to Pioneer Valley Park Kuraby Qld.
02JUN74
The aircraft was officially unveiled as QAM Exhibit No 1 by Air Commodore Spurgeon (O.C. RAAF Base Amberley) during a ceremony (in a torrential downpour) at Kuraby. This marked the inauguration of QAM.
13MAR75
Slightly damaged in storm at Kuraby. Worst of damage was a small puncture under the right tailplane.
15MAY77
Moved to Lower Nudgee.
09APR80
Moved to Brisbane Airport.
JAN83
Aircraft was damaged at Brisbane Airport as part of an extortion attempt against T.A.A. A home-made projectile had been fired at the Canberra to demonstrate what could be done to an airliner. Damage was limited to a long gash in the right bomb door which was subsequently repaired by RAAF. Read more about the TAA Extortion
13JUN86
Moved on trucks to Caloundra.
OCT86
Work began to repaint aircraft in No. 1 Sqn. marks.

 


ISSUE
DATE
REMARKS
7
26JUL14
Added a separate page on the TAA Extortion.
6
08MAR14
Added front page newspaper reports on A84-225.
A Bomber with nowhere to go
The TAA extortion
5
13JUL13
Added more information on the starter disintegration incident on 14NOV63 thanks to Wal Walters.
4
03JUN06
Added a reference to the unveiling on 02JUN74.
3
22DEC04
Deleted reference (25SEP70) to the demise of Bob Howard as the circumstances previously quoted were incorrect.